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Factors Affecting Performance - Full Study Notes w/ Examples
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Factors Affecting Performance - Full Study Notes w/ Examples

Personal Development, Health and Physical Education

18 Pages HSC - Higher School Certificate Year 12 Partial Study Notes Year: Pre-2017

Positive and negative motivation Positive motivation is related to the linking of correct and acceptable performances to a reward base. Positive motivation is a response which includes enjoyment and optimism about the task or activity. It requires continual self reinforcement and also by others e.g. coach, family and peers. It can be further enhanced by recognising achievement, handling mistakes in a constructive manner and developing respect for the athlete. Positive motivation is an extremely beneficial source of motivation as it relates to positive approaches to success. Negative motivation is the performance of a specific skill under threat of negative consequences or failure if success or competency is not reached. Some players respond to negative motivation on an irregular basis, the long term effects of negative motivation is highly destructive to an athlete’s psychological well being, it can destroy self confidence, diminish any self initiatives and belief in oneself. Negative motivation causes the athlete to perform out of fear, and hence always opt for safe strategies during a game play situations, by lacking the initiative to take risks they are unable to develop and acquire greater skills. Positive motivation is more effective than negative motivation. The simplest way to develop positive motivation is to establish gradual and attainable goals for the athlete, challenges are positive and motivating whereas threats are negative and distract the athlete from the task as they are confronted with the fear of failure. This negates main principles of many sporting activities where an athlete is encouraged to succeed on the basis of enjoyment for the task. Furthermore, positive motivation is more sustainable; giving many long term benefits e.g. increased confidence, decision making skills and strategic thinking. While negative motivation is effective on rare occasions, positive motivation is better for an ongoing basis.


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