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Factors Affecting Performance - Full Study Notes w/ Examples

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Positive and negative motivation Positive motivation is related to the linking of correct and acceptable performances to a reward base. Positive motivation is a response which includes enjoyment and optimism about the task or activity. It requires continual self reinforcement and also by others e.g. coach, family and peers. It can be further enhanced by recognising achievement, handling mistakes in a constructive manner and developing respect for the athlete. Positive motivation is an extremely beneficial source of motivation as it relates to positive approaches to success. Negative motivation is the performance of a specific skill under threat of negative consequences or failure if success or competency is not reached. Some players respond to negative motivation on an irregular basis, the long term effects of negative motivation is highly destructive to an athlete’s psychological well being, it can destroy self confidence, diminish any self initiatives and belief in oneself. Negative motivation causes the athlete to perform out of fear, and hence always opt for safe strategies during a game play situations, by lacking the initiative to take risks they are unable to develop and acquire greater skills. Positive motivation is more effective than negative motivation. The simplest way to develop positive motivation is to establish gradual and attainable goals for the athlete, challenges are positive and motivating whereas threats are negative and distract the athlete from the task as they are confronted with the fear of failure. This negates main principles of many sporting activities where an athlete is encouraged to succeed on the basis of enjoyment for the task. Furthermore, positive motivation is more sustainable; giving many long term benefits e.g. increased confidence, decision making skills and strategic thinking. While negative motivation is effective on rare occasions, positive motivation is better for an ongoing basis.

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Factors Affecting Performance - Full Study Notes w/ Examples
Topics this document covers:
Motor control Motor skills Emotions Dietary supplements Educational psychology Sport psychology Motivation Flow Practice Motor learning Sports injury Massage
This is a Partial Set of Study Notes

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Topics this document covers:
Motor control Motor skills Emotions Dietary supplements Educational psychology Sport psychology Motivation Flow Practice Motor learning Sports injury Massage
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These factors are thought to contribute to performance just as physical factors such genetics, fitness level and skill. The management of psychological factors can significantly enhance or inhibit performance depending on the way they are managed. 2K1: Motivation - Positive and negative - Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation is an internal state that activates, directs and sustains behaviour towards achieving a particular goal. Motivation is a force that can be manipulated to help an athlete perform to their potentials through infusing values of self belief and support and directing this on their performance. Factors that can influence an individua...
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